run 32 bit on 64 bit windows 7

Run an old program on a new PC | PCWorld


Run an old program on a new PC | PCWorld
Aug 12, 2013 - The 64-bit versions can run 32- and 64-bit programs, but not 16-bit ones. To see if you're running 32- or 64-bit Windows, check your System information. To get there in Windows 7, click Start, right-click Computer, and select Properties. In Windows 8, click the Search charm, type system , click Settings, then System.

Running 32-bit Applications (Windows) - MSDN - Microsoft
WOW64 is the x86 emulator that allows 32-bit Windows-based applications to run seamlessly on 64-bit Windows. WOW64 is provided with the operating system ...

Installing 32 bit programs on windows 7 64 bit - Tom's Hardware
Hello, I am running windows 7 64 bit. The program i want to install is using 32 bit. It will not install. It tells me the program is not compatible with ...

Run 32 bit Non Installable Programs in 64 bit Windows 7 - Sysprobs
Most of the latest desktops and laptops come with Windows 7 64 bit operating system,so how to run 32bit programs on them? This article explains how you can ...

Is there any way to run 32-bit only software in 64-bit windows?
Mar 29, 2012 - If you're running Windows Vista/7 64-bit, you shouldn't have trouble with most 32-bit software. It will run fine even if a native 64-bit version is not ...

How To Install 32 Bit Software On 64 Bit - YouTube
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-ca/windows/32-bit-and-64-bit- ... Run Older Programs in Windows 7 using ...

32 bit software install on 64 bit os - YouTube
how to install 32 bit software on 64 bit operating System ? ... in window 7 32bit.how to fix software problem ...

Windows 7 64-bit: Running 32-bit Applications - Puget Custom ...
Jan 13, 2011 - The last three editions of Windows - XP, Vista, and 7 - have all been available in both 32 and 64-bit versions. XP 64-bit was only rarely used, ...

How Windows 64-bit Supports 32-bit Applications | Gizmo's Freeware
Under Windows 64-bit, 32-bit applications run on top of an emulation of a 32-bit ..... If I install 32 bit and 64 bit flavor of the same application on a 64 bit Win 7 will ...

How to run 32-bit software on 64-bit Windows 7 - Quora
If you run into any trouble getting the 32-bit apps to work, try installing them in a custom folder under "C:\". This will work around permission issues that sometime ...

Why Are Most Programs Still 32-bit on a 64-bit Version of Windows?
Aug 5, 2014 - 64-bit versions of Windows can run 32-bit software, but 32-bit versions ... If you're using a 64-bit version of Windows 7, you'll see “*32” instead.

How to Switch From 32-bit Windows 10 to 64-bit ... - How-To Geek
Sep 8, 2015 - If you had a 32-bit versions of Windows 7 or 8.1 installed on your PC ... a 32-bit version of Windows 10 but your CPU can run a 64-bit version.

windows - How can I run an exe in 32-bit mode on a 64-bit machine ...
Sep 27, 2012 - Is there some way I can force it to run in 32-bit mode on a 64-bit .... If you have windows 7 professional (or higher), then use the virtual XP mode ...

64 bit - Run 32bit applications on Windows 10 64 Bit - Super User
Aug 22, 2015 - Apparently, this is supposed to let you run 32 bits on 64 bit Windows. ... XP Mode was a feature of Windows 7 Professional, Enterprise, and ...

Is it possible to run 64-bit applications in a 32-bit OS? - PVS-Studio
Dec 8, 2015 - A lot of modern program tools are developed to be run only in 64-bit ... the 32-bit Windows OS, virtualization technology is used to run 64-bit ...

Running Old (16-bit and 32-bit) Programs on a 64-bit Windows
Oct 20, 2015 - Running Old (16-bit and 32-bit) Programs on a 64-bit Windows. GO ... It enables you to run most 32-bit applications just as you normally would on a .... 7+ Taskbar Tweaker: Customize and enhance the functions of Windows ...

Installing 32-bit software on a Windows7-64 PC | Windows Secrets ...
Installing 32-bit software on a Windows7-64 PC - I recently set up a ... is built to execute the program with the file to open/run as an argument.

Windows 7 Ultimate 32 bit or 64 bit? - Forums - CNET
I agree with everything Bob just said. You can upgrade to a 64-bit but you will have to perform a custom install. Your programs will run just fine on a 32-bit it has ...

LabVIEW 64-Bit vs. 32-Bit Applications FAQ - National Instruments
LabVIEW 32-bit running on Windows Vista 64-bit Windows 7 64-bit can use up to 4 GB of address space. In any of these configurations you can still run into ...

Steinberg Applications and Microsoft Windows Vista/7 32-bit and 64 ...
The 64-bit versions of Microsoft Windows Vista and Windows 7 let you run 32-bit as well as native 64-bit applications such as Cubase 6 or Cubase 6 x64 (Please ...

Choose the 64-bit or 32-bit version of Office 2016 - Office Support
By default Office 2016 installs the 32-bit version of Office. However, since many new personal computers are running 64-bit versions of Windows, it is important ...

32-bit vs. 64-bit Software - Altova
Currently, 64-bit versions of Microsoft Windows 7 support up to 192 GB of installed memory. ... Will a 32-bit application run on a 64-bit version of Windows? Yes.

Is running 32-bit MATLAB on a 64-bit platform supported? - MathWorks
I would like to run MATLAB (32-bit) on a platform in which a 64-bit processor is running ... 32-bit R2010b on 64-bit Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7.

Do I Need the 32-Bit or the 64-Bit Version? - TechSoup
If you're running Windows XP or later, check out the 32-bit and 64-bit Windows FAQ to learn how to determine if your copy of Windows is 32-bit or 64-bit.

How do I tell if I have the 32-bit or 64-bit Firefox? | Firefox Help
Both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Firefox are available for 64-bit operating systems, on Windows 7 and above. See this blog post to ... on 64-bit Windows. (neither of the above), You're running 32-bit Windows and it will not run 64-bit Firefox ...

WoW64 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In computing on Microsoft platforms, WoW64 is a subsystem of the Windows operating system ... The WoW64 subsystem also handles other key aspects of running 32-bit applications. ... with 64-bit versions of Windows Vista, 7 and 8, but can be run on a 16-bit or 32-bit Windows OS via Microsoft Virtual PC or DOSBox. 32-bit ...

Running 32-bit components on 64-bit OS - XStandard
To use them on a 64-bit OS, you first need to register them using a 32-bit version of regsvr32 located at: C:\Windows\SysWOW64\regsvr32.exe. Move the dll to a ...

How to Upgrade Windows 7, 8 32-bit to Windows 10 64-bit | www ...
Aug 7, 2015 - I have a question; right now I'm running Windows 7 32-bit, but I want to upgrade to Windows 10 64-bit and still maintain my free license for ...

Determine whether your computer is running a 32-bit or a 64-bit ...
Identify 32-bit and 64-bit editions of Windows 7 and Vista; Identify 32-bit and 64-bit editions of Windows XP; Additional information. Follow these instructions to ...

Can I Run 32-Bit XP in VirtualBox on a 64-Bit Windows 7 Host ...
VirtualBox can put XP on your Windows 7 desktop. ... If you need to run a 32-bit version of XP in a 64-bit host, you can do that without any problems.

Can my computer run the 64-bit version of NVivo 9? | NVivo FAQ
The 32-bit version of NVivo 9 can operate on a wider range of operating systems ... To find out if your computer is running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows 7:.

windows - Is there any way to execute 64-bit programs on a 32-bit ...
Aug 26, 2011 - For example, if you run 64-bit Lazarus/FreePascal on Windows7/64, you ... But if you are running a 32-bit OS on 64-bit hardware, then you can ...

Which Java download should I choose for my 64-bit Windows ...
Platform(s): 64-bit Windows, Windows 10, Windows 7, Windows XP, ... You can check if you are running 64-bit Windows before downloading 64-bit Java for ... as Windows 7, Vista or XP) come with a 32-bit Internet Explorer (IE) browser as the ...

How to upgrade from a 32-bit to 64-bit version of Windows 10 ...
Mar 5, 2016 - This limit means that if your PC is running a 32-bit version of ... guide to make a full backup of Windows 10, Windows 8.1, and even Windows 7.

How to run 32-bit Windows programs on 64-Bit Windows? | IDG Answers
Apr 29, 2014 - Will Windows 7 64-bit version run all 32-bit Windows software or are there any steps I have to take to make it do so?

System Type - 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) Windows 10 - Windows 10 ...
Feb 28, 2015 - How to Determine if Running 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) Windows 10 Information ... The terms 32-bit and 64-bit refer to the way a computer's processor (also .... I will be keeping my Windows 7 computer (which is flawless) and ...

Run Old Programs in 64-bit Windows with Compatibility Mode Options
Jan 17, 2011 - The switch from 32-bit versions of Windows to 64-bit versions has been a slow transition. Although Windows XP, Vista, and 7 all have 64-bit ...

Run 32-bit applications on x64 Windows servers
Because most applications are 32-bit, the x64 version of Windows makes use of an ... from Windows XP to Windows 7 –Intel; Scalability of 64-bit Terminal Server ... The x64 version of Windows is not capable of natively running 32-bit code.

How to Choose Between the 32-bit and 64-bit Versions of Office
Aug 19, 2013 - As a result, most Windows users on modern PCs now run the 64-bit version of Windows 7 or 8. But there's still one application you should run in ...

How to Check if My Computer is Running 32-bit or 64-bit Operating ...
This post will help you to determine whether your computer is running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows 7. UPDATE: For Windows 8 users, open this page to ...

Forcing Apps to Run in 32-bit mode in 64-bit Windows | Ben Piper
Nov 18, 2011 - Have you ever had an application that seemed to initially run fine under Windows x64, only to have it crash or complain when performing a ...

R for Windows FAQ - CRAN
Aug 13, 2015 - 2.28 Should I run 32-bit or 64-bit R? 2.29 Can both 32- and 64-bit R be ... Users of Vista/Windows 7/8/Server 2008/2012 installing for a single ...

will QB 32bit run on my new Lenovo 64bit Windows 8.1 machines ...
QuickBooks can be installed on either 32-bit or 64 bit Windows Operating System, what matters is ... will QB 32bit run on my new Lenovo 64bit Windows 8.1 machines? ... All of our accounting department is on Windows 7 pro 64bit systems.

Running 32 bit programs on 64bit Vista laptop [Solved] - Ccm.net
Oct 1, 2010 - Running 32 bit programs on 64bit Vista laptop [Solved] ... Hello, I have a 64 bit computer with Windows Vista 64 and am unable to run most of my 32 bit programs. Calls to Windows and ... LOULOU32963 Jul 7, 2010 08:01PM.

WPDOS - WPDOS Under 64-bit Windows
Jun 22, 2015 - You will have a 32-bit version of Windows 7, 8, or 10 only if you ... 32-bit versions of Windows include the software needed to run 16-bit ...

Windows OS Users: 32-Bit (x86) or 64-Bit Version (x64) Explained ...
You are already using an x64 OS (Win XP, Vista, 7 x64/OSX 10.6... ... Windows OS Users: 32-Bit (x86) or 64-Bit Version (x64) Explained ... You do not want to run two versions of Studio One(x86 and x64) on the same Windows x64 OS.

How to Switch from Windows 10 32-bit to 64-bit Versions - groovyPost
Sep 11, 2015 - If you see them, then your processor is 64 bit capable. If you're running a 32-bit version of Windows, whether Windows 8 or Windows 7, you ...

ICTS - 64-bit vs. 32-bit Operating Systems and Applications
Jump to Is my PC running 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows? - If 64-bit Operating System ... 64-bit version of Windows 7.

64-bit - Myths and Facts | Ableton
Current 64-bit versions of Windows and Mac OS X support 32-bit applications. ... are running a 64-bit version of Windows Vista, Windows 7 or Windows 8 on a ...

Can I run 32 bit iTunes successfully on a 64 bit machine? | Ask ...
Jan 11, 2016 - A few relevant details about my machine: * Running Windows 7 * It's a 64-bit system. * Only 3 gigs of RAM, which I may upgrade to 8 eventually.

Can I run my 32 bit software on 64 bit laptop? - GrabCAD
Ask the shopkeeper to give you 32 bit version of Windows or get 64bit ... I know of Window Virtual PC that will run older programs on windows 7 64 bit system.

Check if you are running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows ...
Jul 28, 2015 - Microsoft Windows operating systems run on either 32-bit or 64-bit ... If the value that corresponds to Processor starts with ia64 or AMD64, the computer is running a 64-bit version of the Windows operating ... For Windows 7.

The Sims 4 - The Sims 4 - Choosing between 64-bit or 32-bit versions
May 3, 2016 - Learn about the differences between the 32-bit and 64-bit versions of The Sims 4, and choose which one works best for your system.

Select a Software Platform: 32-Bit or 64-Bit - Autodesk
For more information about 32-bit and 64-bit Windows 7, see 32-bit and 64-bit ... If "x64 Edition" is listed under System, you're running the 64-bit version of ...

How do I know if my computer is running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of ...
Under System, x64 Edition will be reported for 64-bit versions. If this information is not listed, then you are running the 32-bit version. Windows Vista or 7.

32 bit or 64 bit Windows 7?: PC Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review
Jul 29, 2015 - A 32 Bit version of Windows 7 (or Windows XP, Vista, 8, 8.1 or 10) can run 16 bit and 32 bit programs. But, they can't run 64 bit programs.

How to determine if Windows OS is 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64) | WD ...
How to determine if Windows OS is 32-bit (x86) or 64-bit (x64). Answer ID ... Windows 7, Windows Vista, or Windows XP, Click here for Instructions (instructions ...

How to determine if you have a 64-bit or 32-bit CPU - Computer Hope
Determine if Windows Vista, 7, 8 and 10 is 32-bit or 64-bit ... for a 32-bit version of Windows, and 64-bit Operating System if you're running the 64-bit version.

is there a 64-bit version of the dropbox desktop client for ...
Mar 7, 2015 - is there a 64-bit version of the dropbox desktop client for Windows 7 64-bit OS .... The old 32 bit system can stay in the corner running dropbox.

FileMaker Pro/Advanced and Windows 64 bit operating systems ...
May 23, 2016 - FileMaker Pro 15 on OS X can be run only as a 64-bit application. If you use 32-bit-only versions of plug-ins, ODBC client drivers, ...

How To Tell if You Have Windows 7 64-bit or 32-bit - PC Support
Here's an easy way to know if you're running the 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows 7. Knowing this helps you choose the correct software to download.

Can I run 32bit Wireshark on 64bit Win7?
Oct 3, 2012 - Do I need the 64bit Wireshark on a 64bit Win7 system? > > Or can I run 32bit ... I would like to take the 32bit Wireshark PORTABLE version.

32-bit and 64-bit Drivers on Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista - drivethelife ...
Jul 11, 2015 - Device drivers designed for the 32-bit version of Windows don't work on computers running a 64-bit version of Windows. Therefore, if you install ...

The Lifehacker Guide to 64-bit vs. 32-bit Operating Systems
Dec 21, 2009 - The question: Should you use a 64-bit version of Windows, and why? ... Windows 7 or Vista users will be able to check the System type in ... Windows expert Mark Russinovich found that a desktop running 32-bit Windows with ...

Apache OpenOffice for Windows
Please note: Apache OpenOffice is distributed as a 32-bit application. It will run successfully in 32-bit mode on 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and Windows 8.

Force .NET application to run in 32bit process on 64bit OS | Gabriel ...
Oct 21, 2009 - NET (command line) tool to run as a 32bit process on a 64bit OS (e.g. .... for Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 –> Running on Window 7 (64 bit). 1.

64 bit - How to force Wine into acting like 32-bit Windows on 64-bit ...
24k91384588. asked May 14 '12 at 9:13. hsivonen. 9581714 .... You can run 32-bit Windows programmes on a 64-bit Linux machine with wine by installing ...

Would 32 bit windows run 64 bit java? - Legacy Support - Archive ...
So I need help deciding if my 32 bit windows 7 PC will run 64 bit Java Because i read the game requirements and it says 64 bit java and i have ...

Tip: Run 32-bit programs in 64-bit Windows – USATODAY.com
Jun 22, 2012 - Question: I'm preparing to buy a new computer, but most of the ones I see run 64-bit Windows 7. I've been using 32-bit. Will my programs still ...

3 Ways to Learn Whether a Windows Program is 64-bit or 32-bit
Sep 15, 2014 - 3 ways you can use to learn whether a program is 32-bit or 64-bit, ... All this is good but, on a 64-bit operating system, you can run both 32-bit and 64-bit ... In Windows 7, the process is slightly different than in Windows 8.1.

32-bit vs 64-bit: x86 vs x64 - Feature - PC Advisor
Nov 7, 2014 - If your PC is running 64-bit Windows, you'll probably find a Program Files (x86) folder on your hard drive. This stores 32-bit applications, while ...

compatibility - Do we need to test 32-bit software in 64-bit Windows ...
Oct 3, 2014 - Our target platform in Windows 7 (we had to support Windows XP till last year). The software ... There is different driver for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows of course. ... Are you saying that a 32 bit software if run on 64 bit OS, the .

Guess what!? this game doesnt run on 32 bit windows 7... AT ALL ...
Mar 12, 2015 - dont download this game if you dont have 64 bit windows 7. ... Welcome to 2015, many games in the future will no longer run on an 32 Bit OS's.

32-bit Windows 7 or 64-bit Windows 7? - InfoWorld
Oct 30, 2009 - A few editions of 64-bit Windows 7 provide a Windows XP Mode that solves ... The net result is that 32-bit applications run seamlessly on 64-bit ...

Operating Systems required for running all your Bitdefender products ...
Windows XP with Service Pack 3 (32-bit); Windows Vista with Service Pack 2 (32-bit & 64-bit); Windows 7 with Service Pack 1 (32-bit & 64-bit); Windows 8 (32-bit ...

Can I use both 64-bit and 32-bit versions of Reason/Essentials/Limited ...
In Windows, there is a single Reason installer containing both the 32-bit and the 64-bit version. When you run the installer, it detects if you're running a 64-bit OS ...

Why are 32-bit programs still running on my 64-bit version of Windows ...
Sep 8, 2014 - Why isn't your 64-bit PC running all your application in 64-bit mode? ... Windows usually segregates 32-bit applications from 64-bit applications. .... I am running Windows 7 64-bit, ALL of my software is running in 32-bit mode.

Run an Eclipse 32-bit application from a 64-bit Eclipse IDE | vogella blog
Feb 15, 2016 - As you are aware that you need to execute the application in a 32-bit JVM, you add a 32-bit JDK via Window -> Preferences -> Java -> Installed ...

HP PCs - Is the Windows Version on My Computer 32-bit or 64-bit ...
Find 32-bit or 64-bit system type in Windows 7 and Vista ... This document pertains to HP and Compaq computers with Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, and XP.

CRYENGINE | Cryengine 5 wont run - 32 or 64 bit compatibility error
May 5, 2016 - Cryengine 5 wont run - 32 or 64 bit compatibility error ... I have Windows 7 32 bit. ... The launcher is attempting to run the 64 bit version. Anyone ...

More than Doubled: Moving from 32-bit to 64-bit Windows - SAS
... 64-bit computing on Windows. ▫ It's twice as fast as 32-bit computing on Windows ... more processes. ▫ Native 64-bit apps can take advantage of “elbow room” ... All 32-bit processes run in 32-bit subsystem. ▫ SysWOW64. ▫ Windows ... Page 7 ...

Solved: can i run 64 bit windows 7 on 32 bit processor.?? | Tech ...
Mar 28, 2011 - hey .. i currently hav windows xp pro 32 bit and i have decided to go for windows 7 ... But should i go for 32 or 64 bit windows 7? i really wanna ...

How to Dual Boot Windows 7 32-Bit with Windows 7 64-Bit Part 1
How to Dual Boot Windows 7 32-Bit with Windows 7 64-Bit using a single new hard drive. Although it does not matter which version (32-Bit or 64-Bit) of Windows ...

3 Ways to Check if Windows Is 32 Bits or 64 Bits - wikiHow
Jump to Windows 7 and Vista - Select “Hardware Ids” from the drop down menu. If you see x86, then you're running a 32-bit processor. If you see x64, then ...

Install Ruby on Windows 7 32 bit or 64 bit (Any Version)
Jun 30, 2014 - Install Ruby on Windows 7 32 bit or 64 bit (Any Version) ... If you are running 32bit Windows 7, then the choice is simple - install 32bit Ruby.

Choosing 64 and/or 32 bit Java (Java Platform Group, Product ...
Sep 19, 2014 - Java is available on Microsoft Windows in 64 and 32 bit versions, ... Generally speaking, 64 bit browsers run only 64 bit plugins and 32 bit ...

64bit Checker for Windows - IgorWare
Jul 7, 2015 - Detects if you have 32bit or 64bit version of Windows; Detects whether ... is it 64bit or 32bit version of Windows, and is your processor capable of running ... OS: Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, XP, 2000, NT and Windows Me, 98, 95.

Should You Install Windows 7 32-bit or 64-bit? - TechSpot
Jul 29, 2009 - Windows XP x64 never took off, though 64-bit versions of Vista did, ... is that you should go with Windows 7 64-bit unless you're running a ...

How to Play 16 Bit Windows Games/Applications on a 64 Bit Computer
This guide shows you how to run 16 bit applications or video games that require a ... So, attempting to run a 16 bit Windows video game in 64 bit Windows 7 ..... also a possibility that it operates on a 32 bit system which can run on Windows 7.

How to tell if you are running a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows
Nov 27, 2012 - In Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7, to check whether you are using a 32-bit or 64-bit version of Windows, please click on the Start ...

jBridge ( for Windows ) | J's stuff
Use 64-bit plugins in your favorite 32-bit VST host with jBridge. ... To make use of all its features, a 64bit Windows OS such as Windows Vista, 7, 8 or 10 is recommended. Please try the demo .... with Ableton Live running as a 32 bit application.

Cakewalk - Knowledge Base - SONAR x64: Everything You Need to ...
Mar 29, 2016 - Windows x64 combined with 64-bit capable Intel or AMD processor-based workstations provide significant advantages to musicians when running native 64-bit ... under Vista x64 or Windows 7 x64 (in 32-bit emulation mode).

Back to Basics: 32-bit and 64-bit confusion around x86 and x64 and ...
Feb 11, 2009 - I'm running 64-bit operating systems on every machine I have that is ... with 8 gigs of RAM, and Windows 7 Beta 64-bit on my laptop with 4 gigs.

Windows 8 Upgrade: 32-bit to 64-bit | Windows 8 content from ...
Oct 27, 2012 - And here's a classic question: You're running a 32-bit version of Windows XP, Vista, or 7, but you want to upgrade to a 64-bit version of ...

Windows 7 32 or 64 bit? | Parallels Forums
Nov 27, 2009 - suggestions on which windows 7 version? thanks. PaulJ04 ... For now, most people are still running 32-bit on their old home computers. JKeefe ...

10 Ways to Determine if Application is Compiled for 32-bit or 64-bit ...
It's not always possible to tell if a program is 32-bit or 64-bit, here are 10 ways to ... do take note that attempting to run a 64-bit application on a 32-bit Windows will ... Most people would recognize the 7-Zip software as a file archiver program to ...

How to determine if you have Windows 7/Vista/XP 32-bit or 64-bit edition
How to determine if you have Windows 7/Vista/XP 32-bit or 64-bit edition. To find out if you are running the 32-bit or 64-bit edition of the Windows XP, Vista or 7 ...

32-bit vs 64-bit - Your Questions Answered : Akai Professional - Iconic ...
Windows 7/Vista; Windows XP; Mac. Mac Processor - 32-bit or ... To determine if your Mac OS is running in 32-bit or 64-bit mode: NOTE: Mac Mountain Lion 10.8 ...

64 bit and 32 bit excel together on one machine [Solved] - Office ...
Nov 12, 2014 - I'm trying to set up my computer so that it can run both 64 bit and 32 bit Office ... SolvedHow to install 32bit printer driver on Win7 64bit Forum ...

will it run on 32-bit PC? - 2K Forums
You will need a 64 bit CPU and 64 bit version of Windows for it to run. ... your key for win7 gives you the option to install either 32bit or 64bit if i ...